Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (2024)

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5 from 4 votes

By Hank Shaw

October 01, 2015 | Updated November 06, 2020


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Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (2)

The first time I ever hunted woodco*ck was in the closing stages of my first book tour, back in 2011. I’d been on the road for two months, and, like any tour, had some serious stress and not a little fun. The hunt was at the tail end of that trip, and I could see light at the end of the tunnel.The hunt turned out to bea restorative experience.

My friend Brian, a long-time reader of this space, had generously offered to show me the Michigan northwoods, an offer I happily tookup.

I had eaten exactly two woodco*ck before this hunt, thanks to my friend Brian from North Carolina (not all my friends are named Brian, just the woodco*ck hunters… ), who FedEx’d me a brace of them last year in return for some Oregon truffles. I roasted those woodco*ck simply.

The flavor? Sort of like a combination of dove and ruffed grouse, with a little snipe thrown in. I know, I know. Unless you are a hardcore bird hunter this means nothing to you.

Still, I had never killed one myself. “We ought to be able to fix that,” Brian said. He was right.

We drove north past the little town of Luzerne and into the grouse woods. Brian was more interested in ruffed grouse, and as it happens,the two birds share the same sort of woods, but inhabitdifferent spots. Woodco*ck like life a little damper than grouse do. Both birds prefer thick cover.

Alders, black ash, birch, aspen. This is their home. As we walked through them, Brian’s English pointer coursing around, he bent down to look at something. “Take a look at this,” he said. “Put that in your blog.” I looked. Um, OK. Bird sh*t. “That’s classic woodco*ck. If you see that, the birds are around.”

Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (3)

What did that woodco*ck eat to make such a sh*t? Probably earthworms. Timberdoodles love earthworms. They also eat other creepy crawlies like millipedes, beetles, snails, ants and other assorted larvae. Another fun fact? They take a dump when they fly, so their guts are clean (sorta-kinda) should you shoot one. This is why some people like to roast their woodco*ck un-gutted. Haven’t yet had triedthis.

Sure enough, Brian’s dropping-fueled hunchwas right. I heard a bird flush and say, “peeent!” and saw the shape zig-zagging away from me through the saplings. Theoretically this would be a tough shot, but I’ve killed my share of snipe before, and they do the same thing, only faster. So I felt pretty calm. I missed with the first shell, but folded the bird on the second. Success! I rushed to the spot where it fell, but couldn’t see the woodco*ck. Damn. Same as snipe. They blend in perfectly with the forest floor. I felt that flood of anxiety wash over me.

I hate losing birds, and I did not want my first ever woodco*ck to be lost. Brian’s pointer was not too interested in finding a dead bird, so we looked around ourselves.Brian himself soon found it, thank God. It felt good to have the bird in hand.

Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (4)

Hunting woodco*ck opens the mind the way steam opens the pores. As you make your way through the thickets — walking is too generous a term — your eyes dart around and your mind races as you try tosolve the geometric dilemma of crossing tree limbs and stumps and brambles and fallen logs. You do not always succeed. On our second morning, I fell into a hole and bashed my knee on a stump. Occupational hazard.

As you move, you keep your head on a swivel and your ears pricked up. In that split-second you hear that basso thrum of a grouse’s wings as it flushes, or the crackly peent! of a woodco*ck, you must raise your shotgun, find the bird, decide if you can shoot, pull the trigger and be ready to follow through for a second shot, if you need it. Hunting woodco*ck occupies your entire existence. It is instinct.

Trouble lies in a relaxed mind. The only two woodco*ck I missed but should have killed were pointed by Brian’s dog. I had only to walk up to the dog, who would then flush the bird, and I could shoot it at my leisurefrom close range. But for whatever reason, the ease of this whole scenario flustered me; it’s the same with those “gimme” shots on ducks that I always miss. Don’t think, Hank, just shoot!

I wound up with three birdsbetween an afternoon and morning of hunting, and I could easily have shot a two-day limit of six had I been just a bit better (or luckier). I couldn’t believe how many there were around. “I don’t shootwoodco*ck unless I’m with someone who likes them,” Brian said. “People up here don’t really like ’em.” It showed. The grouse, which is the preferred quarry of Brian and most of the other local hunters, were so elusive that Brianonly got one.

Driving back from the northwoods, I thought about how to cook this three-bird bonanza. You should know that the unfortunately named woodco*ck, Scolopax minor, is a legend among game birds, as muchfor the hunting as for the eating. Outdoor writers and gourmands as august as Brillat-Savarin alike have waxed poetic about the little bird:

A woodco*ck is in all its glory when it has been cooked under the eye of the sportsman and above all of the sportsman who has killed it Then the roasted bird is in perfection according to all rules and regulations and the mouth is flooded with delight.

So a woodco*ck has white meat on its stubby little legs, while the breast is dark like squab or dove. They usually have a little fat on them, but nothing like the amount on a duck. Woodco*ck are small, the size of a squab, with spindly wings and chunky legs. They should be cooked medium, or even rare. Woodco*ck meat is strong, but not smelly. Gamey in a good way. It does well salted a little more than you think it ought to be. And woodco*ck is best cooked simply.

Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (5)

For a sauce, it would have to be an ode to the Mitten State. Shortly after this hunt, I did a book event in Detroit, where I managed to pick up some homemade vinegar and ajar of wild Michigan crabapple jelly. Sweet? Tart? That’s a classic French gastrique. Brillat-Savarin would have approved.

Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (6)

I roasted the birds at 500°F and ate them with my hands, with a nice bottle of 2008 BeaujolaisI was shocked to find in a bar in Ashley, ND, where ended up cooking the birds. They were org*smic. Sweetish, sour-savory sauce, woodco*ck fat running down my hands, crispy skin and rich meat so jammed full of flavor that I sat there gorged after eating all three, one after the next.

That memorable meal made mefeel like myself again. Home was in sight, and life was good.

5 from 4 votes

Roast Woodco*ck, Michigan Style

I call this Michigan style because the sauce was originally made with crabapple jelly from Michigan and homemade red wine vinegar from Michigan -- and the woodco*ck I shot were from Michigan, so there you go. You can make this recipe with woodco*ck, snipe, doves or a domestic squab. It is important to use quality red wine or cider vinegar, and while crabapple jelly is hard to find, you can substitute in any decent apple jelly, or even a little apple cider. If you don't have bacon fat around, fry up some bacon and eat it, then make the sauce with the leftover drippings.

Course: Main Course

Cuisine: American

Servings: 2 people

Author: Hank Shaw

Prep Time: 30 minutes minutes

Cook Time: 15 minutes minutes

Total Time: 45 minutes minutes


  • 4 woodco*ck, snipe, squab or 8 doves
  • Olive oil to coat birds
  • Salt
  • 3 or 4 tablespoons bacon fat, divided
  • 1/4 cup minced onion or shallot
  • Hearts and livers from the birds, minced fine
  • 1/2 cup chicken or game stock
  • 2 tablespoons cider or red wine vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons crabapple or apple jelly
  • 4 pieces of thick toast
  • Parsley for garnish


  • Preheat your oven to 500°F, or as hot as it will get. Take the birds out of the fridge and coat with oil. Salt well and set aside at room temperature while the oven heats up. This should take 20 minutes or so.

  • Heat half the bacon fat in a small pot and saute the onion and minced woodco*ck giblets until nicely browned. Add the stock, vinegar and crabapple jelly and bring to a boil. Add salt to taste and let the simmer while you cook the woodco*ck.

  • Heat the rest of the bacon fat in a small, oven-proof pan -- cast iron is excellent here -- and brown the woodco*ck on the sides and breast. Put the birds, breast side up, in the pan in the oven and roast for 7 to 10 minutes. Ten minutes will give you medium to medium-well meat. Remove the birds from the pan and set on a cutting board to rest.

  • Strain the sauce through a fine-meshed sieve and bring back to a boil. Put the toast on each person's plate (cut it into a circle if you want to be fancy) and put a woodco*ck on the toast. Pour the sauce over the birds and garnish with parsley. Serve at once with a light red wine, a dry rosé or a hoppy beer like an IPA.


A word on the innards. They really do add a lot to the sauce, and since you strain them out at the end anyway, it should be no big deal even for squeamish eaters. So use them if you can. No innards? Buy some chicken livers and use that. Or use the giblets from other birds.

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Tried this recipe? Tag me today!Mention @huntgathercook or tag #hankshaw!

Categorized as:
Featured, Foraging, Pheasant, Grouse, Quail, Recipe

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About Hank Shaw

Hey there. Welcome to Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, the internet’s largest source of recipes and know-how for wild foods. I am a chef, author, and yes, hunter, angler, gardener, forager and cook. Follow me on Instagram and on Facebook.

Read More About Me

Roast Woodco*ck Michigan Style - Woodco*ck Recipe | Hank Shaw (2024)


What does woodco*ck taste like? ›

The flavor of woodco*ck is said to be strong, gamey-in-a-good-way, and like nothing else. They say the earth moves when you bite into one that has been perfectly cooked: pink, and just a little bloody.

Is American Woodco*ck good to eat? ›

These worm-eating birds are robust in flavor, but it's an acquired taste for some. But when cooked right, they are flat out incredible. As with all wild game, you do not want to overcook woodco*ck. The thighs are white but the breast meat is dark red.

How is woodco*ck served? ›

Roast woodco*ck

I'll not repeat myself; the way it is cooked and served is exactly the same as snipe, except for a few minor differences: Smear butter over the breasts, season and cover with streaky bacon to prevent the bird from drying out in the oven.

What kind of meat is woodco*ck? ›

So a woodco*ck has white meat on its stubby little legs, while the breast is dark like squab or dove. They usually have a little fat on them, but nothing like the amount on a duck. Woodco*ck are small, the size of a squab, with spindly wings and chunky legs. They should be cooked medium, or even rare.

How do you prepare a woodco*ck for eating? ›

  1. Preheat the oven to 180°C.
  2. Remove the head and truss the birds with the slices of bacon. ...
  3. Remove the legs and breast; return the legs to the oven to continue roasting for a further 10 minutes.
  4. Remove the guts which should have turned into a soft pate, and stir into a boiling hot game sauce.

What is special about a woodco*ck? ›

American Woodco*cks come close—their large eyes are positioned high and near the back of their skull. This arrangement lets them keep watch for danger in the sky while they have their heads down probing in the soil for food.

How to cook American Woodco*ck? ›

In a small cast iron pan, heat the grape seed oil and brown the woodco*ck on all sides. Then put the birds breast side up in the cast iron and roast them for seven to 10 minutes depending on their size. Ten minutes will get you a medium to medium-well, while seven minutes will be medium rare.

What bird is similar to a woodco*ck? ›

The Snipe has a zig zag flight and has pointed wings. The woodco*ck has more rounded wings and I think a shorter tail. Easy to tell them apart on the ground. The Snipe has a stripy face and the Woodco*ck has a striped crown.

Why is it called a woodco*ck? ›

Woodco*cks have stocky bodies, cryptic brown and blackish plumage, and long slender bills. Their eyes are located on the sides of their heads, which gives them 360° vision. Unlike in most birds, the tip of the bill's upper mandible is flexible. As their common name implies, the woodco*cks are woodland birds.

What is the difference between American woodco*ck and Eurasian woodco*ck? ›

The American woodco*ck is closely related to the European woodco*ck (Scolopax rusticola). The Old World bird resembles its American counterpart and has a similar life history, but it is larger and almost twice as heavy. A woodco*ck's plumage is an overall mottled russet and brown.

What is a female woodco*ck called? ›

Males may continue with their courtship flights for as many as four months running, sometimes continuing even after females have already hatched their broods and left the nest. Females, known as hens, are attracted to the males' displays. A hen will fly in and land on the ground near a singing male.

Do people hunt woodco*ck? ›

It comes as no surprise that the popularity of American woodco*ck hunting has risen with the decline of other upland game species in its flyway.

Who eats woodco*ck? ›

Adults, chicks and eggs are all eaten by many different birds and mammals, including house cats. Eggs are also eaten by snakes. Woodco*cks are cryptically colored. Their mottled brown, buff and gray feathers help them to blend in with the ground.

What do woodco*ck eat in the winter? ›

Woodco*ck in winter: How do they cope in the cold?
  • Woodco*ck feed on earthworms and other insects or larvae in the soil, by probing with their long bills. ...
  • Energy reserves stored as fat and muscle can help them endure cold periods without food, or can fuel escape flights to warmer areas.

Where are woodco*ck native to? ›

The bird's primary breeding range takes in southern Canada, Maine and the Great Lakes region, dropping down as far as central West Virginia. The woodco*ck's wintering range includes Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas.

What is similar to a woodco*ck? ›

The snipe is smaller than the similar-looking woodco*ck and is a bird of grasslands and moorlands, rather than woodlands.

Why do people hunt woodco*ck? ›

Much like goose meat, people seem to hold to a long time myth that woodco*ck is not worth hunting because it is not worth eating. On the contrary, esteemed French chef Augusta Escoffier cites the woodco*ck as the king of all game birds in Le Guide Culinaire.

Is woodco*ck and snipe the same? ›

Snipe have three bold streaks or “snipe stripes” down the back and a white belly, while woodco*ck have gray stripes down the back with a gray collar and a cinnamon belly. Woodco*ck may also be identified by their slow, rocking walk.


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